Clustering determines who survives for competing Brownian and Levy walkers

Heinsalu, Els; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; Lopez, Cristobal
Physical Review Letters 110, 258101 (1-5) (2013)

The competition between two ecologically similar species that use the same resources and differ from each other only in the type of spatial motion they undergo is studied.
The latter is assumed to be described either by Brownian motion or L'evy flights.
Competition is taken into account by assuming that individuals reproduce in a density-dependent fashion.
It is observed that no influence of the type of motion occurs when the two species are in a well-mixed unstructured state.
However, as soon as the species develop spatial clustering, the one forming more concentrated clusters gets a competitive advantage and eliminates the other.
Similar competitive advantage would occur between walkers of the same type but with different diffusivities if this leads also to different clustering.
Coexistence of both species is also possible under certain conditions.

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